Improving Mothers’ Own Milk Provision at NICU Discharge: Optimizing Achievement of Secretory Activation and Coming to Volume as Key Strategies - Paula Meier, PhD.,RN

February 15 Live Webinar - Registration Now Open!

  • Description
  • Credit Hours
  • Outline



This presentation blends state of the science research on biomarkers of secretory activation and coming to volume in breast pump-dependent mothers of premature infants with pragmatic clinical practice strategies.  Embedded in this approach is evidence that the mammary gland undergoes essential programming during the first two weeks postpartum, which can be measured with biomarkers, and is essential to long-term mothers’ own milk (MOM) provision.  Clinical strategies that target the early postpartum period will be highlighted, including species-specific mammary gland stimulation, monitoring of MOM biomarkers of secretory activation and assessment of coming to volume.  Additionally, the distinction between impaired secretory differentiation and delayed/impaired secretory activation in this population will be discussed, with application to NICU mothers who have multiple inflammation-based morbidities that increase the risk for lactation problems.  

1 Hour 0 Minutes
Course ID

Credit Hours

  • Nursing - 1.0 Contact Hour


  • Cite evidence about differences in outcomes for MOM-fed versus pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM)-fed premature infants, underscoring the importance of prioritization of MOM availability.
  • Define terminology, including: achievement of secretory activation; achievement of coming to volume; biomarkers (MOM biomarkers and pumped MOM volume), secretory differentiation, and maternal inflammation-based morbidities.
  • Compare the effectiveness and efficiency of MOM removal via electric breast pump versus hand-expression only techniques during this critical window.
  • Delineate best clinical practices to optimize achievement of secretory activation and coming to volume, including the use of point-of-care MOM biomarkers of secretory activation (sodium, lactose, citrate, total protein and sodium: potassium ratio). 


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